Washbasins and vanity counters should have a knee space beneath Should be a minimum 800 mm wide and 1400 mm deep clear floor space in front of accessible washbasins Accessories In general accessories should have operable portions between 900-1200mm above floor. Faucets Faucets should be electronically controlled or have a single long lever-style handle that is operable with a clenched fist. Faucets should not self-close Hot water and drain pipes beneath accessible washbasins should be insulated. Dimensions Top of washbasin: 850mm from floor Centre line of wash basin to closest wall – 450mm minimum Centre line of faucet to edge of wash basin: 500mm maximum Height of dispensers and dryers: maximum 1200mm above floor Mirror height: 1000mm maximum above floor

Dual height handrails on both sides of interior steps Handrails on continuous  inside edge of stairs with a switchback Stairs with a change in level greater than 500 mm must have continuous handrails on both sides with a 300 mm horizontal extension at its ends.  The handrail should be mounted at a height of 900 mm. An additional handrail shall be provided at a height between 650 mm and 750 mm. Handrails must be separated from the wall surface at least 40 mm. The handrail section and its mounting system should not interfere with the continuous gripping surface. Handrails must have a contrasted reflectance of at least 30 points LRV against its background. Tactile warning surface For both steps and ramps handrails are to be installed. For ramps or steps wider than 2100mm a intermediate handrail shall be used. When the stair widths are greater than 2100 mm an additional…

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The distance between the reception service desk and queuing barrier/rail should be at least 1800mm. Permanent barriers should have a rigid top and bottom rail. The top rail should be strong enough for people to lean on to rest. The bottom rail designed as a tapping rail with the lower edge no more than 150mm above floor level. The base of queuing barrier should not present a trip hazard. Queuing barriers and rails should contrast visually with surrounding surfaces.

Lobbies should be logically arranged and of adequate size to allow for the ease of circulation of however many people expected to use the building. If the reception area is not located in the main lobby when enter building, clear signage may be needed in public buildings to direct towards reception desks. Signs to key facilities such as lifts, stair, toilets should also be included in the entrance lobby.

Reception desks and counters should be designed to be accessed and used by wide range of people’s ability and height on both customer and staff side. The floor level should be the same on both the staff and customer side of desk. Counters and desks should be set at two heights: Maximum 760mmm high for people seated and a knee recess at least 700mm high 950-1100mm for people standing Knee recess should be 500mm deep on customer side and 650mm deep on the staff side. The counter depth where there is space for a wheelchair user should be at least 700mm The lower section of counters should be at least 1800mm wide. Provision of additional seats at lower counter should be considered. All exposed edges and corners should be well rounded. Reception Desk with Knee Recess Reception Desk without Knee Recess

Where change in level is 300mm or greater, steps should be provided in addition to ramp. The minimum headroom above the stair pitch line is 2100mm. Single steps should be avoided as cause a trip hazard. Open risers should be not be used in public buildings. Surface finishes should be firm, easy to clean and maintain. The steps should be finished in slip-resistant material. The finish should visually contrast with landing surfaces to help identify the top and bottom of the flight. If different materials are used their frictional characteristics should be similar to avoid trip hazard. different colour step nosing tactile warning surface Multiple flight turning stairs The maximum number of steps between landings is 12. Spiral stairs and tapered treads should not be provided for use by the general public. Where stairs have more than 36 risers in consecutive flights there should be at least one change in…

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outward doors to be recessed to at least width of the door. fixtures such as radiators, pipes and ducts to be recessed whenever possible. minimum width a corridor should not reduce to when outswing doors enter space. Where overhanging or protruding elements on freestanding objects are between 650-2100 mm above the ground, they should not encroach more than 300 mm into pedestrian areas. Floor Obstructions Corridors should be unobstructed along entire length. Items that protrude into circulation space should be recessed outside of corridor path. Corridors should be wide enough to allow people to pass each other and turn 180 degrees. Wall Obstructions The leading edge of any protruding object found between 650-2100 mm above the ground should not extend more than 100 mm into pedestrian areas. An object with a leading edge at or below 650 mm from the ground may protrude any distance.

The clear height for headroom in pedestrian areas should be a minimum of 2100 mm above the floor. Where the headroom of an area that adjoins an accessible route is reduced to less than 2100 mm, a detectable guard, guardrail or other barrier is needed The guard should be firmly fixed, colour contrasted & have solid or horizontal railings

Two grab bars should be located in each accessible toilet stall. One grab bar should be located behind the toilet The second grab bar should be located on the side wall closest to the toilet fixture. The side grab bars should be of a “cranked” design or a horizontal and vertical grab bar. Dimensions of side grab bar Length of horizontal grab bar: 300mm minimum Length of vertical grab bar: 300mm minimum Height of grab bar: 800mm from floor Gap between WC – 150mm minimum Dimensions of rear grab bar Width of grab bar: 600mm minimum Gap between WC – 150mm minimum Height of grab bar: 800mm from floor Urinal Grab Bars Full length urinals are preferred for all urinals. The bottom lip should be at maximum height of 425mm from floor. Urinals minimum 350mm deep At least one accessible urinal should be provided wherever urinals are located For accessible…

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At least one family toilet room, in addition to accessible common-use public toilets, should be provided for each gender in all public buildings Family Room Facilities Accessible family toilet rooms should be located on accessible routes Doors entering family toilet rooms should have power door operators A clear space having a diameter not less than 2100 mm should be provided inside every accessible family toilet room. Accessible family toilet rooms should contain a water closet and accompanying transfer space Baby Changing Table Where baby change tables are provided, they should be of a fold down type with the change surface a maximum of 850 mm above the floor. No operable mechanisms of the baby change tables should be located higher than 1200mm above the floor. The change table should be designed to carry a maximum load of 1.33 kN (300 lbs). A shelf for a diaper bag should be provided…

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